The Paris Agreement of 2015, which aimed to limit global warming to below 2 degrees Celsius above pre-industrial levels, was a major step forward in international efforts to tackle climate change. However, with emissions continuing to rise and the impacts of climate change becoming increasingly severe, some are calling for a new, more ambitious “UN Paris Agreement 2019”.
What would this new agreement entail? One proposal is for countries to commit to net-zero emissions by 2050 – that is, balancing any emissions with equivalent reductions or removals of greenhouse gases from the atmosphere. This would require significant changes in energy use, transportation, agriculture, and other sectors, as well as greater investment in renewable energy and carbon capture and storage technologies.
Another key aspect of the UN Paris Agreement 2019 would be stronger measures to hold countries accountable for their commitments. While the 2015 agreement included a system of national pledges, there was no concrete mechanism for ensuring that countries actually met their targets. The new agreement could include penalties or other incentives to encourage compliance, as well as independent monitoring and reporting.
Other proposals for the UN Paris Agreement 2019 include greater support for developing countries, who are often disproportionately affected by climate change but have limited resources to adapt; increased funding for research and development into climate-friendly technologies; and a focus on reducing emissions in key sectors such as aviation and shipping.
While there are certainly challenges to achieving a more ambitious climate agreement, there are also reasons for optimism. The growing momentum of the youth-led climate movement, the increasing popularity of renewable energy, and the economic benefits of transitioning to a low-carbon economy all suggest that there is a strong appetite for change.
The UN Paris Agreement 2019 may still be in the development stages, but it represents an important opportunity for the global community to take bold action on climate change. As we face increasingly dire predictions for the future of our planet, it is crucial that we prioritize the well-being of people and the environment above short-term economic interests. A new, more ambitious climate agreement may be our best chance at building a sustainable future for generations to come.